The motherboard, also called also called motherboard, mainboard or motherboard, is what connects all other elements of the computer, is a very important component.?
When we go to the market to choose our board will find lots of brands, models and sockets.
The big question is: Are they the same? ? Most expensive is better? What’s the difference between different brands?
ATX motherboards, comes in two versions Mini ATX and ATX motherboards (284 mm x 208 mm).
Now discontinued, the format? AT? Had two power connectors with 6 pins each to feed the motherboard. This format allowed no other system on and off the computer that was not by a switch that would connect and disconnect the power supply.?
Developed by Intel, the ATX (Advanced Technology Extended) was a major improvement over the AT format. It has an outlet 20-pin, which continuously supplies 5v to the motherboard (the PC being on or off).
The base plate is formed by a series of elements:
Base:? Online where you will find the circuits in multiple layers that are connected and the other elements that make up the board.?
Electrical Component:? Formed by elements (capacitors, transformers, diodes, stabilizers) is responsible for ensuring the right supply voltage to each part of the motherboard.
BIOS: Controls the various components in the boot, giving management the keyboard and enable the data output to the screen, is a basic software low-level communication, usually programmed in assembly language. The BIOS can be updated by the user. These programs and the update files must be supplied by the manufacturer of the motherboard.
Chipset: Is it a chipset makers control the functions of the motherboard. If we say that the microprocessor is the brain of the computer, the chipset is the heart.?
Chipset manufacturers are several, including find motherboards INTEL, VIA and SiS.?
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The main elements of the chipset are: Northbridge, Southbridge, and cache
Socket: Is it where you insert the microprocessor.
Types of slots:? Socket LGA 775, Socket 939: ParaAMD motherboards, Socket AM2?
Memory Banks: Banks are where you insert the memory modules.
Expansion slot:? Plates are used to place expansion. There are several types: graphics card slot. Expansion Card Slot:?
SATA connectors: a high-speed connection for hard drives. There are two types of SATA:?
SATA1: transfer rate of 1.5 Gbps
SATA2: transfer rate of 3 Gbps
Fan Connectors: Connectors, usually 3 pin, are responsible for supplying power to the fans of both the heatsink?
microprocessor as auxiliary fan box.
Can bring three connectors, CPU_FAN, CHASIS_FAN and one for another fan. Control the RPM of the fans, allowing the motherboard to adjust the fan speed according to the cooling requirements.
Quality is important when choosing a motherboard, performance, compatibility, security, technical support, upgradeability via the Web, find the best price – quality and not be guided purely by the price, this eventually will bring complications.